Take two N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethanamide and come back if symptoms persist

Our expert searchers have learnt a lot about drug nomenclature over the years, which may help you if you’re trying to search for drug-related information; here we summarise a presentation given by one of our Clinical Librarians, Tom Roper, to our Searching and Teaching Peer Group.

Every drug has an IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry) name, for example N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethanamide, an approved (official or generic) name from WHO, its recommended international non­-proprietary name (rINN) and/or a national name. a British approved name (BAN) on in the USA a United States adopted name (USAN) e.g. Paracetamol, Acetaminophen. Then there are proprietary (brand or trade) names: e.g Tylenol. And then they may have nicknames coined by busy clinicians to describe drugs frequently adminstered, e.g. taz for tazocin (properly piperacillin/tazobactam).

Drug names may seem confusing, to say nothing of being hard to pronounce, but there is a logic to their structure. All drug names have a suffix or affix that describes their mode of action. These are listed on the US National Library of Medicine’s Generic Name Stems site. Many will be familiar: –cillin for the penicillins, leading us to amoxicillin, -mab for the monoclonal antibodies giving enlimomab or -prazole for benzimidazole derived antiulcer agents.

There are traps for the unwary when searching for drugs. As ever, the best search strategy will combine thesaurus terms from the database’s controlled vocabulary, MeSH in the case of MEDLINE, with free text terms, typically searched for in the title and abstract fields of the record. But what about mispellings? Take the drug octenilin.  A recent search we ran for this wound irrigation solution found examples of it spelt correctly as octelinin, but also with an extra l, thus octellinin. Misspellings do slip past the eagle eyes of journal editors, so it is often advisable to look for these as well. Using the wildcard ? (which stands for one extra character or none) thus would find both correct and incorrect versions, thus octel?inin. We wouldn’t stop there, but would also add proprietary names, e.g. octel?inin OR octenidine OR octeniderm OR prontosan.

A good source for drug information, as well as the useful but often brief entries in the British National Formulary, is Martindale , available to BSUH users as an e-book with an NHS OpenAthens account. If you want to know the names under which preparations containing paracetamol are sold in Argentina, Martindale is the place to look.

Advertisements

The Cochrane Library is improving

Cochrane_Logo

The new and improved Cochrane Library will launch on Tuesday 7th August 2018.

To ensure the transition to the new site runs smoothly, users are advised NOT TO USE the saved search facility from 00:01 GMT on Monday 6th August 2018 until 23:59 GMT on Tuesday 7th August. Any searches saved during this period cannot be guaranteed to be transferred to the new site. All other search functions of the Cochrane Library will be available during this period. Existing saved searches will be transferred to the new site between 6th and 7th August, with no action required on the part of users.

Contact the library with any questions related to this transition or, in case of problems with your saved searches, contact cs-cochrane@wiley.com and specify that you are a saved search user.

Enhanced features include:

  • Improved article design for Cochrane Reviews, CENTRAL records and all content
  • Cochrane Clinical Answers now fully integrated in the Cochrane Library
  • Search expanded across all content types, including Cochrane Reviews & Protocols, CENTRAL, Editorials, Special Collections, Cochrane Clinical Answers and other systematic reviews from Epistemonikos via a new federated search feature
  • Improved search results display, including new filters for all content, and expanded sort and multiple record export options
  • Advanced search tabs better integrated, and MeSH search feature improved
  • Linking CENTRAL records to Cochrane Reviews
  • Easy navigation between Cochrane Reviews, related podcasts, Editorials and Cochrane Clinical Answers
  • A new Spanish language portal and discoverability of translated content in multiple languages via basic search

The Cochrane Library is a collection of six databases containing different types of high-quality, independent evidence to inform healthcare decision-making, plus a seventh database that provides information about Cochrane groups that form the Cochrane collaboration.

  • Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
  • Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials
  • Health Technology Assessment Database
  • NHS Economic Evaluation Database
  • Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects
  • Cochrane Methodology Register
  • About The Cochrane Collaboration

Access to the Cochrane Library is free for the residents of the UK through a national funded licence.

Fake journals: think, check, submit!

Sometimes library members approach the library for advice about unsolicited e-mail messages asking for manuscripts, inviting the recipient to join a journal’s editorial board, or to submit and abstract or poster to a conference. How can one tell which are legitimate and which are from fake, so-called ‘predatory’ journals and conferences?

Fake journals have sprung up in the wake of the open access movement. Sometimes they can be easy to spot. Few established journals need to tout for manuscripts; further, e-mails and websites will contain spelling and grammatical errors, and over-effusive compliments to the author. Claims about peer review, editorial board membership and indexing may be misleading, or outright lies.

A campaign supported by leading publishers and open access organisations offers a list of checks would-be authors are advised to carry out before submitting, under the three headings, think, check, submit. Follow their checklists, or ask us, if you’re unsure about the bona fides of a journal or conference.

NEW: UpToDate® Anywhere – mobile and remote access

Now you can access all the content of UpToDate from your mobile and tablet. You can also build up free continuing education credits (CME/CE/CPD) when researching clinical questions.

To gain remote and mobile access you just need to complete a quick one-time registration process.

GETTING REGISTERED

  1. Access UpToDate via the BSUH Intranet link

*You must register from within the BSUH NHS network to gain access to the Mobile App and accrue CME credits.

  1. Click the Register button in the upper right corner of the screen.

UpToDate registration

  1. Complete all fields on the registration form and then click Submit Registration.

Upon completion of the registration process, you will receive a confirmation email from UpToDate with instructions on downloading the Mobile App.

MOBILE ACCESS

UpToDate - mobile

Once registered, you can install the Mobile App on up to two devices.

  1. On your smartphone or tablet, find “UpToDate” in your app store and install the free app.
  2. Open the UpToDate Mobile App upon completion of download.
  3. Log in with your UpToDate user name and password.

You only need to do this once — the app remembers your user name and password.

ACCESS UPTODATE ANYWHERE

UpToDate - remoteIn addition to the Mobile App, you can access UpToDate from any computer with internet access.

Simply go to http://www.uptodate.com and click the “Log In” button located in the top right corner of the UpToDate home page, and enter your user name and password

MAINTAINING ACCESS

To keep the account active, you must re-verify your affiliation with BSUH once every 90 days.

Re-verifying your affiliation

Log into UpToDate using the BSUH Intranet link at least once in every 90 days.

In-application & email messaging will inform you of the need to verify affiliation if you have not done so by day 80. You will receive a second alert at day 90.

If you fail to re-verify by day 90, you will lose mobile and remote access.

To regain access, simply login to UpToDate with your user name and password using the BSUH Intranet link as above.

Contact us for more information.

Help us to help you with patient information

Patient info 2

Do you give your patients information? Perhaps you don’t have time? Would you welcome some support or advice in providing information for the patients you see?

 

 

Fill in our quick survey  to give us a picture of the kind of patient information you currently supply, and what you would like to offer.

Information Standard

The Patient Information Librarian will then be in touch with suggestions, guidance and ideas on how to create good quality patient information.

Thank you!

Top tip for Open Access Week – SHERPA Services

The Centre for Research Communications at the University of Nottingham has developed a suite of free tools to support open access publishing decisions.

sherpa

Will the journal I want to publish in let me make my article freely available?

Use SHERPA ROMEO to search for journal policies on copyright and self-archiving in repositories. There is a handy colour coding system – a green ROMEO journal is one that supports archiving of all versions of your article including the final publisher PDF.

Does my research funder have an open access requirement?

Use SHERPA JULIET to find out if you should choose an open access journal, archive your article in a repository, or both.

Which journals are compatible with my funder’s open access policy?

Use SHERPA FACT for a quick answer.

sherpa screenshot

Contact us for further guidance.